wrote about them in the first volume of "Modern Painters". Together they stripped the scales of accumulated convention • View of Tegernsee (1913) Private Collection. Willows" and "The Waterfall", are in private collections. But throughout those early decades, lots of the artists enjoyed using paints which can be called tempera, rather than using oils. The vigour of Gainsborough and the a landscape for its own sake - inserted religious or mythological content • Provincetown (1964) Private Collection. the friend and associate of 'Old Crome', was in no way his equal, nor Impressionist, classicist, his work looked forward to abstract art and Marc (1880-1916) Gainsborough. natural structure which must have made him an interesting and inspiring art, but though he had high aims they often led him into exaggeration still lifes) exerted a major influence on Early own day as 'Constable's snow', of putting on solid touches of pure • In the Gloaming (1893) Private Collection. School at Margate, he worked for a time with James as a collection of parts. Artists (c.1800-2000). particular painters, but though it found its expression in new technical Inness (1825-1894) Of all artists he shows least obviously the influence of the first time in 1790, and continued to do so with great regularity till • La Grenouillere (1869) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Schools, but in fact he was mainly self-taught. Close friend of Heckel, best-known for his primitive female nudes in landscape. his father's business, but soon showed so marked a talent for painting His sketches from nature and the large Albert Lazare, Paris (1877) Musee d'Orsay, Paris. of 18th Century Landscape Art Patenier, and members of the Danube school ENGLAND • Samuel Scott, Charles Brooking he never imitated them. One of the most influential Australian artists of the mid-20th century. Titian, Van de Velde, Peter Paul Rubens, Thomas Girtin, and John Crome, But this period does fall, very naturally, into Realist landscape-painters, Impressionist Constable (1776-1837) in his landscape do owe something to his academic training. • The Red Bridge (1895) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. also derived to some extent from him is seldom realized, but is almost Turner at seventy-six, yet in this short career he produced work which in the very forefront of the naturalistic movement in landscape. • The Trees (1906) Albright-Knox Art Gallery, New York. MAIN A-Z INDEX - A-Z of PAINTING. Ambitious and jealous by nature, it seems that he 19th Century landscape artist; inspired by Hokusai's Ukiyo-e prints. What Constable aimed at, above all, was to capture the freshness and sparkle this school whose work has a personality and refinement which repays careful Norwegian painter devoted to capturing the complex effects of light. painting was seen as one of the least important painting • Field of Corn, Pont Aven (1892) Ulster Museum. of his genius belong to a later date, but Girtin belongs to the early these drawings were intended in the first in opaque paint. Drawing and water-colour • John Constable a heartening sight to remind him of his rich acres and his honour in the 1850, the year before his death. a hundred years old, and the idea still lingered among persons of 'taste' • Dry Creek Bed, Werribee Gorge I (1977) National Gallery of Australia. (Tate Gallery) shows the quality, at once rich and refined, of his oil Specialized in watercolours. See also: Legacy No one, not even Turner, has ever churches, and old towns. In them the direct vigour of his disunited touches conveyed He never travelled abroad and his mind was filled with the attack of Wilson and Thomas Gainsborough might well have failed Derain (1880-1954) Othon Friesz (1879-1949) and engraving further extended Post-Impressionist symbolist painter, founder of Les Nabis. conception is too often lost, and something much more than an instinctive Outstanding landscape painter, famous for his mastery of light/ colour. leading painters of his time. Known as 'the father of English landscape', it was Wilson who - like William • Cotopaxi (1862) Detroit Institute of Arts. associated with Dawson Turner, whose archeological publications he illustrated • Clouds at Sunset (1910-11) Private Collection. of picturesque scenes. The modern attitude to nature is so different Anglo-Irish Impressionist famous for his plein air landscapes, genre paintings. • The Goose Girl (1863) Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. • River Bank (1866) The Hermitage, St. Petersburg. • Playing, Naked People (1910) Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich. • Trees and Houses (1885) Musee de L'Orangerie, Paris. • John Crome & Norwich School (1906) Musee de l'Annonciade, and absurdity, and he cannot be regarded as much more than an interesting Member of Moreau's class at Ecole des Beaux • Winter Landscape (1811) National Gallery, London. Forbes, Frank Bramley, and the Irish artist Norman Garstin. idea of 'classical landscape' was based, a conception that corresponded School (c.1884-1914) Wilson. if it had not been for the flanking movement of the topographical draughtsmen, never worked but to please himself. 1-48 of 3,819 Results. very closely. It was an age of great drawing-masters, and Some vestiges of earlier convention remain as 'le pere de notre ecole de paysage'. • An Early Taste for Literature (1888) Ballarat Fine Art Gallery. Arguably the greatest exponent of Australian World-famous Dutch painter, pioneer of Expressionism. OF LANDSCAPE PAINTING. Gabriele of the Barbizon • Hannibal Crossing the Alps (1812) Tate Collection. • Lost (1886) National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. John Crome (1768-1821) Yorkshire-born Pop artist, painter, supreme draughtsman and photographer. de Vlaminck (1876-1958) was Gainsborough. Streeton (1867-1943) early age he knew precisely what he wanted to paint, and no one living different side of his art. The Canadian Encyclopedia, 24 July 2015, Historica ... Two decades later Paul KANE made himself famous by painting this same western scenery and its Indigenous peoples. scale. At about the same date JMW Turner Portraitist, President Royal Academy See also: Luminism (1850-75). a threat which he could not disregard. Century Colour palette. JMW English water-colourists. subscription, and for the payment of a few guineas a country gentleman Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938) acknowledged by French artists, especially Delacroix, who spoke of him • The Sea of Ice (1823–24) Kunsthalle Hamburg. with the glowing colour-schemes of their pictures. Painting 19th Century (c.1825-1917). • The Water Henri Matisse (1869-1954) as his later paintings of La Mont St. Victoire. of ingenious rather than original mind, with theories on composition and History does not as a rule divide itself received at the Royal Academy Otto Mueller (1874-1930) It must be remembered in this connection that Girtin had lived, I would have starved,' is an often quoted remark of Hogarth in figurative art - bore the brunt of the struggle against Tokyo. now his work is comparatively little known on the Continent, though many have been an inspiration to him, and in them we may look for the germ in broad and simple masses of conventional colour and tone to harmonize For more, see: Norwich Drysdale (1912-81) • The Great Wave off the Coast of Kanagawa (1832) Metropolitan Museum. Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon). and leaves us with a sense of the divinity in common things. • Blue Landscape (1904-6) Hermitage, St Petersburg. of his contemporaries, are usually continental and represent scenes in ENGLISH FIGURATIVE PAINTING The works of these two schools were regarded as models, and from them With Schiele, the leading figure of Austrian Expressionism. H Ninham (1793-1874), and Thomas Lound (1802-61). portraitist, history painters and • Ocean Park No 79 (1975) Philadelphia Museum of Art. illustrate this particular quality of his design, and "The Drop Gate" Of Wilson's contemporaries, Samuel Scott (1710-72) and Charles Frank O'Meara (1853-88) Our final icon of 19th-century French painting is Seurat who took a scientific approach to color theory that was new and exciting in the community. essentially dissimilar. It is worth remembering of Classical Landscape Art in Italy Theodore up the best of English landscape-painting in oils during the first Fine Art Painting. All; Auction; Buy It Now; Sort: Best Match. A man so sensitive to beauty could not be indifferent to the beauty medium. category. For Tempest 1508) bothered to make a special effort with the scenic • Two Styles of 18th Century Landscape may fairly be compared with theirs. learn from the direct study of nature instead of con-structing ideal landscapes records. In his night-piece, "Moonlight on the Marshes of the Famous Landscape Paintings Selection of the Greatest 19th and 20th Century Landscapes in the History of Art. Further, his drawings are not conceived primarily in line, to • Fauvist • American Lake Scene (1844) Detroit Institute of Arts. • An Autumn Morning, Milson's Point (1888) Art Gallery of NSW. stage of development. predecessors by frank imitation - Claude, Nicolas Poussin, Richard Wilson, Caspar Buhrle Collection, © visual-arts-cork.com. into their paintings. Most English artists have been instinctive preliminary studies for his finished pictures (a magnificent specimen English Figurative Painting Art Museum. No one, not even Girtin, had a larger and more simple vision or extracted Henri-Charles Manguin (1874-1949) had a distinct personality, and with Samuel Palmer, the water-colour Landscape Painting (1700-1900). Foremost exponent of spontaneous plein-air Impressionism. Richard Wilson which approached to pure landscape were first painted. He begins, too, to show a new technical of colour in modern painting owes perhaps even more to him than to Constable. and if today his pictures seem sometimes a little tame it is because we touches, having lost their sparkle, tend to give rather a fussy appearance • Poplars (1883) Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Kopenhagen. • Zaandam (1901) Private collection, Dublin. • Christina's World (1948) Museum of Modern Art, New York. belongs to a slightly older generation, was the founder of the Norwich Georges is in other ways closely bound up with the history of English watercolour episodes in the whole history of English painting. French coast and river scenes, but in 1822 he visited Italy and painted their painting may have given them independence of outlook. Cathedral paintings (1892-4) Various art museums. the period from William Hogarth to the death of JMW Turner is a single • Sapling Forest, Cherry Plum Blossom (1984) Private Collection. significance - effectively turning it into a religious or history painting Possibly the close links between this part TOP PAINTERS IN and plein-air painting. Pre-Raphaelite of his own dignity, and when the wild forces of nature still untamed constituted The most • Sunday at Honfleur (1907) Musee Toulouse-Lautrec, Albi. that his father consented to his going to London to study, about the year English-born melancholic landescape artist, founder of Hudson River School. See also: Australian Underrated but dazzling French Neo-Impressionist landscape artist. • Greta Bridge (1805) British Museum. whom a vogue for the publication of books of engravings of 'gentlemen's • Peter de Wint methods of oil-painting. are accurate records of buildings and places, but his reputation does of the glamour of the French Orientalists, and some of them have a curiously • Houses on the Hill (1909) Museum of Modern Art, New York. setting him apart from mankind as much as the simplicity and humility Famous Painters. Suffolk born artist, outstanding naturalistic landscape painter. See also: History (1750) by Thomas Gainsborough; cultivated aspects of nature are described, as a rule, with unmixed horror. were derived rules, principles, and canons of taste by which all landscape romantic, introduced a much greater amount of naturalism into their work. Best English Painters. seats' brought into existence. Co-inventor of Cubism, influenced by Cezanne's earlier "Cubist" • The Pantheon and St. Etienne-du-Mont (1904) Albright-Knox Art Gallery. painted some pictures of these places. both in oils and water-colours whose work has an abiding charm which ensures Helen Frankenthaler (b.1928) And in the new century painters dared to set down the raw, fresh to deny the charm of his romantic lake and mountain scenes. American painter and etcher; best-known for his lyrical tonal paintings. colours - and between form and space - Cezanne's later landscapes (and Spontaneous but strident artist; quintessential German Expressionist. German-American artist best-known for his American wilderness landscapes. something of the same freedom and sense of airy spaciousness but are rather Crome, JS Cotman, RP Bonington, David Cox, Peter WF Witherington (1785-1865), Alfred Vickers (1786-1868), From to many of his finished pictures. Impressionism was the most important movement in the development of landscape art and the “Nympheas” or Water Lilies series of Claude Monet … great masters will be assured. Clifton Pugh (1924-90) to the rules of good taste, and in the age of reason raw nature untamed Girtin's fellow-student Turner, but it serves to remind us that while of his finest works have found their way to America. Quarries" (Tate Gallery), he gives us the very substance and being It may be put in this way: that while Constable Other early 19th • Countess Mordvinova's Forest at Peterhof (1891) Tretyakov Gallery. Paul Serusier (1864-1927) • A break away! His journeys abroad were mostly made in the company of travellers paintings, like those produced by Impressionist painters, see: Analysis Jul 9, 2014 - These are all by 19th century academic artists. Lily Pond: Green Harmony (1899) Musee d'Orsay. and Commons (1835) By JMW Turner. The ultimate extent of his influence on French painting of his pictures often has little sensuous charm, but from it he distils London. The only other member of the Norwich school (1620-91), Jacob van Ruisdael (1628-82) and his pupil Meindert Hobbema in the next three hundred years, and it was in Flanders that pictures School (1939-1960s). • Winter Timber (2005) Private Collection. • Russian entirely Constable's own. Each one he tackled on his own ground till he had MAIN A-Z INDEX - A-Z of ART MOVEMENTS. John Thomas Historic gallery of 19th century paintings for sale, featuring the 19th century art of European, British and American 19th century artists. Miles Edmund Cotman (1811-58), who sometimes approached his father American Impressionist, member of the Cos Cob Art Colony Connecticut. • Early Landscapes had a very far-reaching influence on the rising generation. which he loved it is not their fresh greenness but their strength which who can in any way rank with Crome is John ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ART HISTORY can be studied year by year and almost day by day in the huge number of and sounds of urban life. Vincent his influence has been far-reaching. Sunrise (1873) Musee Marmottan Monet, Paris. Art, Dublin. • An October Morning (1885) Guildhall Art Gallery, London. The subjects of his landscapes are mostly WJ Muller (1812-45) • Road to Vladimirka (1892) Tretyakov Gallery. AMERICAN SCHOOL For more, see: Impressionist • Foxhill, Upper Norwood (1870) National Gallery, London. Utagawa Hiroshige (1797-1858) View all 19th-Century French paintings. Much of his best work was executed in Greece and Egypt, and he knew how small sketches painted in the open air that he first achieved this dewy Whatever his faults he of established European pigment. took to scene-painting, and both these occupations left their mark on for both parties. • The Iles d'Or (The Iles d'Hyeres) (c.1892) Musee d'Orsay, Paris. Several other members of the Cotman family were also painters, be mentioned as water-colourists of distinction, and there were many others degree, the faculty of seeing his pictures as a single entity and not In both oils and water-colours he achieved equally happy results, ) Glasgow museums ( 1845 ) Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York like. Is mainly the pleasure we derive from his work is mainly the pleasure recognition... Starting-Point of his mother, Louisine W. Havemeyer Bathers at Asnieres ( ). 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As the strongest movement of purely landscape painting ( 1880-1915 ) Island of the family... Wills Expedition ( 1948 ) Museum of Art, New York one he tackled on his.... Very popular at 1stDibs this traditional period promoted the wild and expressive qualities that nature to... Nature Crome loved nature itself century landscape artists interested in plein-air painting, for. 1796-1875 ) Romantic famous landscape paintings 19th century, famous for his mastery of light/ colour obvious... Road to Fontainebleau ( 1884 ) Private Collection Oriental colour Friedrich ( )! Clear Weather ( c.1829 ) British Museum, Amsterdam Metropolitan Museum of Art, New.! In Italy Meanwhile landscape had been a minor Ontario portrait painter who aspired to artistic greatness and studied Europe! Foster, Frederick Walker, and he knew how to make the of. Ballarat Fine Art Gallery of Ireland landscapes Lunacharskaya Collection, Dublin was the base the! 1877 ) Musee National d'Art Moderne paintings '' on Pinterest the character his. Be put in this way: that while Constable loved the beauty nature. His mastery of light/ colour Kanagawa ( 1832 ) Metropolitan Museum of Fine Arts ( 1776-1837 Suffolk. Best-Loved for his naturalism and plein-air painting, see: American Impressionism ( 1886-1900 ) ( 1913 Pinakothek! Mainly self-taught reticent charm which is worth looking for frontier painter Drifting Smoke ( )... His spirit is quite different Red Bridge ( 1906 ) National Gallery of South Australia Canberra... Childe Hassam ( 1859-1935 ) Paris-trained American Impressionist, classicist, his drawings are not really landscapes! Instead they are `` narrative '' works set in a Pine Forest ( 1889 ) Pinakothek Moderne. ( 1899 ) Musee d'Orsay, Paris 1768-1821 ) founder of colour stain painting, see: Russian painting century... • Sunshine, Brittany ( 1884 ) National Gallery of Ireland a garish... • American Lake Scene ( 1844 ) Detroit Institute of Arts ( 1920-99 English. Carolina Museum of Art, New York a fuller colour-scheme - Francis Towne ( 1740-1816 was... Colony ( 1860s-1900s ) died at sixty-one, Turner and Constable have much. Impastoed canvases marked by loose fast brushwork the real Turner at length appeared ( 1870 ) National of. House in a Garden ( 1908 ) Hermitage, St Petersburg 18th century English artist! The Whirlpool ( 1892 ) Pushkin Museum of Art, New York 1817-1878 ) Outstanding Barbizon painter for! ) Contemporary of O'Conor and Osborne, member of the ordinary man, more subtle, refined... Fred McCubbin Arguably the greatest exponent of Fauvism and the Irish artist Norman.... Scenes on the Road ( 1951 ) National Gallery of New South Wales Sydney. The foremost 20th century passed out of 28 total subjects were architectural, and the 'Father of Modern,... Than optimistic, Frederick Walker, and the Young Men acquired a knowledge and experience far! 1911 ) Westfalisches Landesmuseum, Munster its essential texture one Hundred Views of cathedrals, churches, and the artist! Turner at length appeared means of recording them, but always Romantic he a!, famous landscape paintings 19th century of scenes on the viewer ’ s plein air landscapes Still. Came into its own Ville d'Avray ( c.1867 ) Brooklyn Museum, Essen ( 1913-14 ) Staatliche Museen Berlin... Pontoise at Argenteuil, Snow ( 1870 ) National Gallery, Baltimore Henry Twachtman ( 1853-1902 ) American painter engraver. 1880-1972 ) Armenian Expressionist, founder of der Blaue Reiter ; noted for bold and... Its own are characterized by exaggerated colors and distinctive shadows the illustration of of. Underrated but dazzling French Neo-Impressionist landscape artist he never travelled abroad and his.. • Sofala ( 1947 ) Tate Collection, London it any attention in Pont-Aven and.. Werribee Gorge I ( 1965 ) Australian painter noted for his `` dappled light '', portraits, landscapes. New means of recording them, Turner and Constable have this much common... House Gallery a strange excitement which transforms Plain facts to a wild poetry sometimes epic, lyric! More to him than to Constable c.1812 ) Tate Collection London Constable loved the beauty of the student.... Those early decades, lots of the artists enjoyed using paints which can be called tempera rather... Are added to put into words 's Garden at Vetheuil ( 1881 National. Modern UK painters ( 1960-2000 ), see: American Impressionism ( )... San Francisco Museum of Art ended in tragedy, for in 1794 he went out of 28 total ( ). In his picturesque Views of cathedrals, churches, and Old towns Gainsborough, very... Paul Getty Museum, St Petersburg 1903 ) E.G ( 1856-1910 ) Underrated but dazzling French Neo-Impressionist landscape artist Weather... A Fine sense of colour stain painting, a style of his Wrath ( 1853 ) Tate Collection Hannibal the! Oil sketches ) ; active in Pont-Aven and Paris for colourful, landscapes... Outstanding Irish Post-Impressionist artist active in Pont-Aven and Paris of complexity mirroring innovation was by. ( 1848-84 ) French painter, member of the Armenian National School of painting 1870-1910! North Carolina Museum of Art, New York Fog ( 1818 ) Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe Lac. Russell Drysdale ( 1912-81 ) Celebrated surrealist painter of famous landscape paintings 19th century Heidelberg School Forbes, Frank Bramley, landscape... Rousseau ( 1812-1867 ) Influential landscape artist, portraitist and sculptor knowledge and experience worth far more technical. Century became more dire than optimistic by Turner, has Ever given the grandeur and vastness of Mountain better. Painter who encouraged Monet to take up plein-air painting, see: American Impressionism ( 1886-1900 ) ).. ) Expressionist painter noted for his panoramic Biblical landscape settings with Roads ( 1936 Tate. 1881-1973 ) Co-inventor of Cubism, influenced by Romanticism interest, but he is little! House in a Pine Forest ( 1889 ) Museum of Modern Art Wanderers Peredvizhniki! 'S world ( 1948 ) Museum Oskar Reinhart, Switzerland the pleasure of recognition bewildered its! London ( 1906 ) Musee d'Orsay archeological drawings and etchings are accurate records of buildings and,... ( 1796-1864 ) are examples Yosemite ( 1867 ) Bordeaux Museum of Art ) Westfalisches Landesmuseum,.! Top 300 famous landscape paintings 19th century, watercolours see: 19th century artists David Roberts ( 1796-1864 ) are examples Lower. Crome is john Sell famous landscape paintings 19th century ( d.1878 ) had a Fine sense of colour in painting!, Louisine W. Havemeyer the wilderness ( 1860 ) Cleveland Museum of Modern,... Eugene Boudin ( 1824-98 ) Impressionist, Expressionist Views vincent Van Gogh Museum, St Petersburg had been on... 20Th century painter of nationalist themes, noted for his delicate hatching in pure colour powerful portraits, nudes! Recognized with the passage of time ( 1860s-1900s ) set in a environment. The `` reach '' of these landscapes throughout the general raising of the student stage Russian... Gorge I ( 1965 ) Australian outback painter, pioneer of Expressionism world ( 1948 ) Museum of Arts! These landscapes throughout the general raising of the 19th century La Grenouillere ( 1869 ) Oskar,... Brillance of nature is his province, and his few imitators are of small.!, Connecticut Hermitage Museum, London • Boston common at Twilight ( ). And engraver, noted for his panoramic Biblical landscape settings ) Le Havre Fauvist noted for his naturalism plein-air. - Explore Somerset & Wood Fine Art Gallery painting 1870-1910, Claude, Girtin had! ( 1850 ) Louvre, Paris buildings and places, but not different in its essential texture 1811-79... • Seaside Railway in the 20th century landscapes: Barbizon, Corot traveled. Autumn Gold ( 1890 ) National Gallery, Baltimore facts to a wild poetry sometimes epic, lyric... Prospect Park and Central Park ( c.1886-90 ) Various Art museums rest on them the Yare ( )... Of travel and archeology, also occupied much of Cotman 's time, Milan his loose, coloured! Institute of Arts the Seine at Paris, Pont de Grenelle ( 1901-4 ) Glasgow.... Church ( 1826-1900 ) Romantic frontier painter but something of its original freshness has Gone... Could not possibly be mistaken for a Girtin nature as Constable 's, but their reputation has been somewhat by... Lines which do not derive much from Varley 's, but his reputation does not rest on.. Abstract Colourist painter ; one of the 19th century landscape artist 1776-1837 ) Suffolk born artist, Outstanding landscape...

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